To celebrate I have done a short list of some fictional female scientists from TV, that have hopefully been an inspiration to girls and guys who've watched the shows.
The list is in no particular order, and covers a range of genres, though generally I have ended up picking characters I am familiar with and that are in science fiction. I have also decided to stick to characters where it has been made clear that they are scientists or have degrees within the shows - for example, I have not included T'Pol from Enterprise even though she was the Science Officer, as it is unclear which science she works in.
I have also included links other articles on the web, mostly Wiki entries, about the listed characters professions, and the different sciences.
1] Colonel Sam Carter - Stargate series
2] Dr Liz Shaw - Doctor Who
Liz Shaw was a scientist from Cambridge University who was recruited by UNIT. An expert on meteorites with degrees in medicine and physics, she assisted the Third Doctor whilst he was at UNIT until she resigned to continue her own research.
3] Abby Sciuto - NCIS
Abby is a Forensic Specialist working at NCIS. A kind, cheerful Goth, she is an expert in DNA analysis, ballistics and digital forensics.
4] Zoe Heriot - Doctor Who
Zoe was a scientist on board Space Station W3 when she met the Second Doctor. She is an astrophysicist, and a first class astrometricist with a degree in pure mathematics and a photographic memory.
5] Dr Amy Farrah Fowler - The Big Bang Theory
Amy is a neuroscientist, who does research into addiction. She was introduced to show as a dating website match found by Raj and Leonard for Sheldon, who she is very similar too. The actress who plays her, Mayim Bialik, actually has a real Ph.D in neuroscience.
For more inspiration check out this video of some young female scientists and engineers showing off their projects in America.